RULES AND SIGNALS TESTS
In August 2015, we received a complaint of “widespread” cheating on the federally mandated rules and signals tests that are required of all train engineers, conductors, and assistant conductors. Our investigation did not find any actionable evidence of widespread cheating on the company’s rules and signals tests.
However, we found internal control deficiencies with the company’s rules and signals tests. These deficiencies call into question whether the program is vulnerable to cheating, including the possibility that cheating could occur without detection. Based on our findings, we raised four observations with the company to consider in order to improve the testing practices and procedures. Specifically, we noted: (1) a lack of a company-wide policy setting forth clear management controls for the testing program; (2) test-taking software that permits employees to retake tests without locking them out, even though they are prohibited from retaking the same test on the same day; (3) a small number of employees in active service without a record of passing any tests; and (4) inconsistencies with the company’s organizational manual on who can administer tests.